精选一组石油趣知识;地球存在无色石油、“世界油极”波斯湾

时间:2019-07-26 来源:www.0419fc.com

基辛格说:谁控制了石油,谁就控制了所有国家;谁控制了粮食,谁就控制了人类;谁掌握了货币发行权,谁就掌握了世界

一,石油的分布跟石油的生成有很大关系。

石油不可再生说:石油是古代海洋或湖泊中的生物经过漫长的演化形成的,是生物沉积变油

石油可再生说:石油是由地壳内本身的碳生成,可循环再生,

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二,人们印象中石油是黑色的,但地球上存在一种无色石油;美国加利福尼亚,原苏联巴库,罗马尼亚和印尼的苏门达腊均有产出

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三,2018年世界石油储量排名前十位的国家。

委内瑞拉>沙特阿拉伯>加拿大>伊朗>伊拉克>科威特>中国>阿联酋>俄罗斯>利比亚。

委内瑞拉已证实石油储量:2965亿桶,占全球储备比例:14.35%

利比亚已证实石油储量:443亿桶,占全球储备比例:3.15%

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根据海关总署数据显示,中国2018年全年原油进口量达到创纪录的4.619亿吨,连续第二年超越美国成为全球最大原油进口国。

四,世界油极波斯湾。

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(世界石油分布)

波斯湾海底和周围陆地是世界最大的石油宝库,约占世界石油储藏量的53%-58%。石油产量约占世界石油总产量的1/3。石油输出量占世界石油总出口量的60 %。

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(Distribution of oil fields in the Persian Gulf region)

The oil-exporting countries are the eight countries that surround the Persian Gulf.

The eastern coast of Saudi Arabia is full of oil fields. The blackest and longest one is the Saudi Gewar oil field, which is the largest oil field in the world. The oil fields in Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf region are not only oily but also shallow, with a large number of self-draining wells. Low cost; Saudi Arabia is a veritable "oil kingdom."

Fifth, the world oil transportation route.

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It is obvious from the above figure that the amount of oil exported from the Persian Gulf to East Asia is huge; this makes the Strait of Hormuz and the Straits of Malacca the most important energy transportation channel.

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(a dense tanker outside Singapore)

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(Most tankers outside Singapore’s port are still at rest)

Oil is the blood of human economic activity and one of the reasons for the current world turmoil.

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